Things to help out with in a re-enactment medieval kitchen

A medieval kitchen runs on three things; fire, water and lots and lots of free labour.


  • We always need the water refilled. At St Ives, we expect to go through at least 50L a day. Please check that the jugs on the tables are filled as are the barrel and jerries.
  • There should be a pot of water being heated at all times. If there isn’t, please ask which pot it is, and then fill and put back on the fire.
  • We will be using charcoal for some parts of the day but the bulk of the heat will be coming from firewood. We’ll need lots of help getting this chopped up into usable bits.
  • If the fire is using charcoal, please don’t throw any scraps on it. Charcoal burns without smoke, which is why we’re using it. Scraps will smoke out the cooks from doing any cooking.
  • You are responsible for washing your own dishes. We will try and get the washing up tub set up early for people to use, but there are a lot of people so please be patient.
  • If you leave your plates, bowls, spoons or other feast gear lying around, kitchen will appropriate it for serving. We may not even mean to. But not all the servers know every bit of kitchen gear and so if it’s left out, we’ll assume it’s kitchens.
  • Please don’t leave modern gear lying around. If it’s left in kitchen, kitchen will move it inside somewhere so that it’s not on the display. And we may be busy when you eventually come looking for it.
  • Choppity choppity chop. There is always more things to be chopped. Always.
  • Food and cooking are very interesting to the public. They did things like we do them. We’d love for people to join in on talking to the public about the cooking display or the food, or about anything in the kitchen.
  • Before each meal, we’ll need help setting things out and then serving the meal. Afterwards, we’ll need help putting away any leftovers, and washing up the kitchen bowls, plates and pots.
  • Everyone cooking is a volunteer. They didn’t have to do this, they chose to help. So please be patient with any timing issues or if things don’t go perfectly according to plan.
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Fun things to do with hoods

Medieval Hoods are great for keeping your head warm. You can wear them in many silly ways and here are some other things you can use them for:


1338-1344 Bodleian MS 264 m130ra

1338-1344 Bodleian MS 264 Romance of Alexander m130r

This appears to be a great game: One person puts their hood on backwards so that they can’t see while everyone else ties their hoods into knots and takes turns hitting the blindfolded person.


1338-1344 Bodleian MS 264 m130va

1338-1344 Bodleian MS 264 Romance of Alexander m130v

And this is a suitable game for women to play too.


1338-1344 Bodleian MS 264 m132va

1338-1344 Bodleian MS 264 Romance of Alexander m132v

What do you do if you find a swarm of gigantic butterlies? You can use your hood to catch them of course.


1338-1344 Bodleian MS 264 m132vb

1338-1344 Bodleian MS 264 Romance of Alexander m132v

And when you are tired of catching butterflies, just use your hood as a pillow and have a little rest.


1338-1344 Bodleian MS 264 m135riib

1338-1344 Bodleian MS 264 Romance of Alexander m135r

And again: women can do this too.


1338-1344 Bodleian MS 264 m135riia

1338-1344 Bodleian MS 264 Romance of Alexander m135r

But I’m not sure how comfortable a butterfly would be for a pillow.



So if you are coming to St Ives Medieval Faire bring your hood in case you see any giant butterflies. – Lyl Dun


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Midwinter Crown 2016 – Subtleties

Midwinter Crown Subtleties 2016

As part of my ongoing project into subtleties I undertook the subtleties for MidWinter 2016 held in Rowany.

As our new king and queen are Vikings, I wanted the subtleties to be a) Viking themed and b) to tell a story over the course of dinner.

I decided that the story should be “Vikings Arrive, engage in battle, plunder and burn and then toast to their victory.”

Since a subtlety was required before each course, that was four subtleties in total which meant that each part of the story could have a subtlety.


The Vikings Arrive

Vikings arrive on Viking ships, everyone knows that. 

With some experimentation, I determined that the hot water pastry that I wanted to use would need a mould in order to get the required shape. I had my trusty partner panel beat a heavy duty disposable foil tray into a rough shape (image selected from Google images). I then added cardboard to the bottom before lining it in foil. (this made the ship easier to remove after baking, as the foil could be lifted and the ship would emerge with it)

For convenience sake, and because there wasn’t likely to be much fridge room at the event, the insides were apple pie. (This very much definitely had nothing to do with the new royals being American. Not one little bit.)


I made the sail from some red and white stripped fabric I had lying around and used floral wire to get the billowing shape. The mast was three thick wooden BBQ skewers lashed togther. These were then sewn to the mast, with the pointy bits of the skewer being the bits going into the pie. I thought I might have to use “ropes” to hold the mast in place but the weight of the skewers and the 5mm pastry was enough to keep it in place.


It looked really good once the mast was in. Unfortunately, I did not think to take a photo of that bit. Oh well.

The Vikings Engage in Battle

For the battle, I made a Hnefatafl set. Traditionally in Hnefatafl, a king and his small bodyguard must escape a surrounding army. In our Midwinter version, the monks would have to escape the vikings. Making a whole board out of fondant would be too heavy, so I made a wood game board, in one of my first wood working projects.

For ease, I got a dressed pine board that was roughly half the width I would need and added hinges to it. This helped make it a bit more portable as well. It turns out brass hinges and screws are so soft. I messed up one of the screws and had to hammer it over… Still, you can’t see them when the board is in use. 


I used a dremel and a dremel router guide to make the lines (marking it up in pencil first). There was some slippage but overall, fairly straight lines.


I messed up a bit here, because I assumed I could paint into the lines and wipe off the surface paint for a nice in-fill. I should have waxed the board first though, then dremel and paint because the paint stains the raw pine and does not wipe off. Oh well. I painted the whole square in it’s colour and then planed it back with the plane. Turned out fairly well. I painted the squares solid and then planed the board back so that only the lines remained painted. The white marks the spaces where the Vikings start, while the blue marks the monks starting position. The white circle in the very middle marks the Abbot’s starting position. 


Then I waxed it to seal the surface with an olive oil and beeswax paste. If I make another game board, I will use a chip knife to create the lines as I should have better control over that.


To make the little men for the game, I took fondant, added red colouring to the vikings and blue for the monks and pinched little men off to fit on the board. I was inspired by the slightly blobby glass and ceramic game pieces found at Birka and Hedeby. 



The Abbot (King) I twisted two bits of fondant of each colour together and made the head a little ‘V’ shape to represent a bishop hat.

I created instructions for the hnefatafl game (using as my source) and made it into a scroll. The scroll and the red (viking) men went into the hall on the first subtlety – the ship – with instructions not to eat the red men yet…

If the Vikings win, they have captured the Abbot and they go on to burn down the Monastery (Subtlety 3). If the Vikings fail to capture the Abbot, they follow him back to the monastery and burn it down.

Either way, the monastery would be on fire.


The Vikings Burn Stuff

This was one of the trickier subtleties for me. I based the monastery on St Laurence at Bradford on Avon, which is the oldest surviving original Saxon monastery with no added bits from medieval or Victorian times.

Then I rolled out several lots of fondant, with tylose to harden the pastry quickly. Phillipa then assembled it for me (Messed up the measurements a bit despite making a paper copy to start) with royal icing as the mordant.


It was then painted, and tea lights were put inside to mimic flames. (No open flames were allowed at the feast.)


painted monastry


A Toast to Victory

The last subtlety was the toast to the victory. It was actually two subtelties, one being a bowl and the other a horn both made from fondant. The bowl was easy, since that was just working fondant around the inside of the bowl with tylose and that hardened into a good bowl. The horn was harder. I used a funnel to keep the mouth open and made a holder for the horn out of fondant for it to rest on. Phillipa made mead jelly and this was placed inside the horn and bowl for the victory toast.


The horn collapsed in the humidity before it could be presented, so I would not make that again without making a wire frame of some kind for it to cling to until the last second.

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